China is in its fifth year of a “war on pollution,” which aims to reverse the damage to the country’s environment since the economy opened in 1978. In recent years, China has stepped up its efforts to combat high levels of pollution and invested around RMB 3.7 trillion. More than half of the funds were reserved for combating water pollution. Useful water is scarce, and more than half of Chinese cities suffer from water scarcity, especially in the dry northern regions. In addition, these water resources are unequally distributed in provinces and regions. Therefore, efforts to reverse the state of its heavy water pollution are increasing the demand for high quality wastewater treatment technologies. Another part of the “Pollution Action Plan” is to reduce the coal consumption and close outdated steel over the years. It will also cover the heavily industrialised Provinces and measures are taken to combat even smaller sources of pollution. In addition, companies that violate the regulations will shut off water, electricity and raw materials. Further plans are to set annual production and sales for new energy vehicles of up to 2 million a year, to reduce emissions.